How Addiction Treatment Has Improved Due To Medication
There are many drugs which are used in addiction treatment programs to relieve withdrawal side effects and decrease the chances of relapse. Medicine can make it painless for recovering addicts to keep in sobriety. The withdrawal symptoms are often the reason for the addict to relapse, so medication is given to ease the pain of withdrawal. Prescribed medication can be given to the patient as part of both inpatient and outpatient programs. The adjustment of dosage in treatment is only made for user to achieve proper soberness.
These medicines can ease withdrawal side effects and desires.
Drug Withdrawal And Detoxification
At the start of the program, the body goes through a process to remove the drugs from the system. This process is referred to as detoxification. Depending on what drug one has been taking and for how long, the rehab process can take many days to many weeks.
The most difficult stage of detox is dealing with withdrawal side effects. The harshness of withdrawal effects changes depending on past drug use. Long-time drug users who took massive doses experience the most severe withdrawal symptoms.
The patient may experience horrible symptoms during detox. Some of these are
- Feeling Nauseous
- Uncontrollable shaking
- Body pain
Different withdrawal symptoms are treated with different medications. In detox, physicians may prescribe drugs such as
- They are suitable for treating stress and short temper.
- Anxiety and stress are a common symptom of detox from many drugs.
- The soothing impact which controls liquor withdrawals is Benzos.
- This drug is also addictive so is prescribed with caution.
- A brain that has been addicted to drugs is not able to produce the chemicals that give pleasant feelings on its own.
- Depression in detox in a common symptom as the patient is longer getting the happy feeling from the drug they have taken for a long time.
- To avoid such feelings till the time the brain itself starts producing happiness-inducing chemicals, Zoloft and Prozac (antidepressants) should be used.
- For relief of sweating, aching muscles, cramps and paranoia in alcohol and opiate withdrawal Clonidine is used.
- Seizures and tremors can also be treated using Clonidine.
The ones detoxing from alcohol or Benzodiazepines, such as Valium or Xanax, should never quit "cold turkey" since it may be fatal. The fact is there are always some difficulties associated with drug withdrawal but every withdrawal is not so deadly. Medical assistance guarantees protection and accomplishment in detoxification.
Get in touch with an addiction specialist if you know someone who is struggling with addiction.
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Medications For Treating Alcohol Withdrawal
Withdrawal symptoms of alcohol addiction can last from several weeks to a few months depending on the frequency and duration over which alcohol is abused. This occurrence is known as prolong or post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).
PAWS can help relieve cravings or make the patient unable to tolerate alcohol. In most cases the patient has to take these drugs every day and they come in form of pills.
For liquor addiction these medicines are included
- Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
- Naltrexone has the ability to impasse receptors that generates the feeling of content with alcohol in the brain.
- The urge to drink can be reduced.
- Naltrexone might provoke some sickness in stomach or headaches.
- It is also available as a single dose given once a month in the form of an injection.
- Acamprosate (Campral)
- The psychological and bodily stress emanating from alcohol abuse is relieved by taking Acamprosate (Campral).
- Once alcohol detox is complete the patient can begin to take Acamprosate.
- Acamprosate decreases the craving to drink by avoiding negative sensations, such as nervousness and depression.
- Disulfiram (Antabuse)
- This was the first approved medication for alcohol abuse.
- Disulfiram causes sickness and vomiting if alcohol is consumed at the same time.
- This medication has been very successful as it deters alcoholics from drinking.
Familiarize yourself with available treatments for alcohol dependency.
Medication For Treating Opiate Addiction
Some examples of opiates are Heroin and Morphine, and an example of narcotic painkillers is Oxycontin. Opiate and Heroin medicines comfort urges and withdrawal side effects. Opiate and Heroin are available in tablet forms.
Some people may pass through Heroin and Opiate withdrawal for about a week. Long- term withdrawal symptoms can be experienced by some people. In some cases the withdrawals side effects can last for months or years. To completely stop the urges to take drugs and the PAWS, it helps to be on replacement medicines for an extended period. Medications are usually prescribed to recovering addicts for as long as is necessary.
Addiction medicines for Heroin and painkillers are
- Methadone is a drug used for mild to serious addictions.
- It works just like the Heroin and pain relievers by connecting itself to the sensory nerves of the brain, but it does not cause dependence on the user.
- This drug suppressing the craving and withdrawal symptoms.
- People become addict of Methadone in place of Heroin and painkillers if it is not use carefully.
- Treatment facilities offering Methadone give it to their patients daily so that they are not able to over indulge and become addicted.
- More About Methadone.
- Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
- The addiction potential is less in Buprenorphine yet it works like a Methadone.
- Buprenorphine users may frequently take the drug home with them in place of heading to a centre each day to get it.
- Naltrexone works the same method for opiate addiction as it does for alcohol addiction.
- This drug helps to control the urge or craving.
- Since alcohol and opiates stimulate some of the same receptors in the brain, naltrexone can work for both addictions.
Centres For Medical Detox And Rehab
Some people pick detoxification on their own. Home detox can be harder and more dangerous than attending a rehab centre. A safe and comfortable location such as a rehab centre is the best way to gain sobriety. Alcohol and benzos addictions detox can only work in a medical environment.
Treatment for any substance addiction should start with medically supervised detoxification.
Health problems can be dealt with quickly when in a rehab centre. Doctors record the patient's heart scale, body heat, breathing rate and fluid levels. If the patient experiences discomfort, they can be eased with the help of the doctor. In addition, they adapt any medicine dosages depending on the patient's requirements and durable programs for medication.
Patients with other health complications would be well advised to go on a medical detox. Withdrawals can make situations difficult such as high blood pressure. Any type of issue is solved by the doctor.
Treatment centres offering inpatient treatment often include detox in the program. Residential rehabilitation can last for between 30 and 90 days in many cases. The primary week is of carefully monitored detoxification. Rehab includes behavioural therapy to give the patient a better chance to understand how they can stay sober.
Medical rehab is the best choice for helping a loved one gain sobriety call 0800 772 3971.